Longton

For many years Longton was two settlements - Longton to the west and Lane End to the east being the end of the lane leading to Meir.The two were not formally united until 1848. Although the area was rich in sources of high quality coal and clay, development was limited by the Levensons, who owned the Trentham Priory lands. However, Sir John Edensor who bought Longton Manor in 1773 allowed development. The impetus for Longton also came from its location on the former Roman road at the junction with the road to Stone, which were turnpiked in 1759 and 1771 respectively. These improvements helped to overcome the isolation from the canal network. Potbanks developed along the Uttoxeter Road and the parallel Sutherland Road, notably Gladstone, (now a museum) Aynsley and Sydney works. Flint-grinding mills were also significant, while the collieries, iron works and tileries were outside the town to the west and north east.

BOTTLE OVENS LONG SINCE GONE


Longton
Photo: William Blake   Date: early 1900s

Longton Bottle Oven in Lockets Lane  Photo: Unknown source and date. Painting: Reginald Haggar 1970
Longton
Bottle Oven in Lockets Lane
Photo: Unknown source and date. Painting: Reginald Haggar 1970


Longton
Photo: unknown source  Date: unknown




Longton
Muffle Oven behind the Co-op building in Market Street from King Street, Longton
Photo: source unknown  Date: unknown


Longton
Bottle Oven, Goddard Street
Photo: source unknown   Date: about 1960


Blue Bell Works and Garfield Works, looking up Barlow Street, Longton. Scan: Print sold by Friends of City Museum and Art Gallery, Hanley  Date: Early 1970s
Longton
Blue Bell Works and Garfield Works, looking up Barlow Street
Scan: Print sold by Friends of City Museum and Art Gallery, Hanley.  Date: Early 1970s


Longton
In Sutherland Road, looking up to Garfield Works and Bluebell Pottery, Barlow Street
Photo:  Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: 25th May 1975

Longton
Bluebell Works, Sampson Smith Pottery, Barker Street.
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date July 1970

Longton
Updraught stack type bottle oven at Caroline China, Caroline Street
The crown damper on the left; A quarter damper on the right
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection  Date: 1975/6 - taken during the Bottle Oven Survey more here>

Longton
Updraught stack type bottle oven at Caroline China, Caroline Street
Oss and bag with special trials saggar on the left: Looking up the stack on the right
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: 1975/6 - taken during the Bottle Oven Survey more here>


Longton Updraught Hovel Ovens - Elektra Porcelain, Edensor Road, Longton Photos: Terry Woolliscroft   Date: Aug 1970 demolished 1975
Longton
Updraught Hovel Ovens - Elektra Porcelain, Edensor Road, Longton
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: Aug 1970 demolished 1975


Longton
Bottle Ovens, John St.
Photo: Source unknown  Date: Unknown


Longton
Ovens and chimney Kingcross Street and Chancery Lane
Photo: Source unknown  Date: unknown





BOTTLE OVENS at THE GARFIELD WORKS, BARLOW STREET, off UTTOXETER ROAD, LONGTON

Note the street re-naming of the 1950s - High Street was renamed to Uttoxeter Road and Upper Hill Street to Barlow Street

Longton Towards Garfield Works from St James Churchyard, Uttoxeter Road Photo: Source unknown   Date: unknown
Longton
Towards Garfield Works from St James Churchyard, Uttoxeter Road
Photo: Source unknown   Date: unknown

Longton Bottle Ovens Garfield Works from St James Church Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: Sept 1972
Longton
Bottle Ovens Garfield Works from St James Church
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: Sept 1972




Longton Garfield Works - 1927 oven. Just off Uttoxeter Road, opposite St. James Church Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: early 1970s
Longton
Garfield Works - 1927 oven. Just off Uttoxeter Road, opposite St. James Church
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: early 1970s

Longton Bottle Ovens at Garfield Works, Uttoxeter Road, Longton, 1927 and 1939 ovens Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection  Date: early 1970s
Longton
Bottle Ovens at Garfield Works, Uttoxeter Road, Longton, 1927 and 1939 ovens
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection  Date: early 1970s

Longton Bottle Ovens at Garfield Works, Uttoxeter Road, Longton, 1927 and 1939 ovens Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection  Date: early 1970s
Longton
Bottle Ovens at Garfield Works, Uttoxeter Road, Longton, 1927 and 1939 ovens
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection  Date: early 1970s


Rescuing saggars from the 1939 Garfield Oven for display at Gladstone Pottery Museum 

Longton Rescuing saggars from the 1939 bottle oven at Garfield Works Longton, prior to demolition. Images of the oven full of empty saggars with Rodney Hampson (volunteer Gladstone Pottery Museum) starting to empty the oven  Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: Nov 1974
Longton
Rescuing saggars from the 1939 bottle oven at Garfield Works Longton, prior to demolition.
Images of the oven full of empty saggars with Rodney Hampson (volunteer Gladstone Pottery Museum)
starting to empty the oven.
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: Nov 1974


Longton Rescuing about 1500 saggars from the 1939 bottle oven at Garfield Works Longton, prior to demolition. Volunteers empty the oven and take van-loads back to Gladstone Pottery Museum for display Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: Nov 1974
Longton
Rescuing about 1500 saggars from the 1939 bottle oven at Garfield Works Longton, prior to demolition.
Volunteers empty the oven and take van-loads back to Gladstone Pottery Museum for display
Paul Niblett (long serving volunteer) organised the work with the late Jim Kelly
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: Nov 1974

Demolition of the Garfield Works, Longton. May and June 1975


Longton Demolition of the Garfield Works Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: May 1975
Longton
Demolition of the Garfield Works
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: May 1975

Longton Demolition of the Garfield Works - kids using the site as a playground and posing for the camera Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: May 1975
Longton
Demolition of the Garfield Works - kids using the site as a playground and posing for the camera
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: May 1975

Longton Demolition of the Garfield Works Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: June 1975
Longton
Demolition of the Garfield Works
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: June 1975

Longton Demolition of the Garfield Works Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: June 1975
Longton
Demolition of the Garfield Works
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: June 1975

Longton, Garfield Works. End of an era Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: June 1975
Longton, Garfield Works. End of an era
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection   Date: June 1975
More information about The Garfield Works can be found here> in the all encompassing The Potteries.org website





LONGTON BOTTLE OVENS - BEFORE and AFTER

Longton Along Sutherland Road, looking towards Park Hall pit heap.  Ridgway Potteries and Rosina China factory in the middle distance. Two updraught stack ovens Left pic taken June 1970.  Right pic taken August 1970 Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection.  Taken with a Kodak Instamatic 233
Longton
Along Sutherland Road, looking towards Park Hall pit heap.
Ridgway Potteries and Rosina China factory in the middle distance. Two updraught stack ovens
Left pic taken June 1970.  Right pic taken August 1970
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection.  Taken with a Kodak Instamatic 233

Longton
Kendrick Steet
Left pic taken June 1970. Right pic taken December 1970
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection. Taken with a Kodak Instamatic 233, from the saddle of a Suzuki 50

In the 1970s there was a rush to demolish bottle ovens - a sort of competition arose between the 'big boys' in the industry to see who could modernise the fastest. In all the haste, lots of historical material was lost. Industry leaders were fixated on showing how good they were at transforming the area. Many small independent potbanks were swallowed up by the likes of Wedgwood and Royal Doulton who wanted to prove they were biggest and best.


Longton
Bottle Ovens by St James Church, Uttoxeter Road,
Photo:  source unknown  Date: 1950s?

St. James Church, Uttoxeter Road Longton, taken from Normacot Road
Longton
St. James Church, Uttoxeter Road Longton, taken from Normacot Road
Bottle oven in background was on the Garfield Works, latterly owned by Alfred Clough
Left pic taken August 1970 and right pic taken 20 May 1975 after cleaning
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection

Longton Taken from Normacot Road, towards Chelson Street with St. James Church to the left out of view Two bottle ovens quickly disappear. Not the one with the Cross in glazed bricks on the stack in deference to the church
Longton
Taken from Normacot Road, towards Chelson Street with St. James Church to the left out of view
New Chelsea Porcelain Co. Stanley Works.  Chelson Street was formerly Bagnall Street
Two bottle ovens quickly disappear. Not the one with the Cross in glazed bricks on the stack in deference to the church
Both pics taken in 1970 with just a few months between (exact dates not recorded)
Photos: Terry Woolliscroft Collection






LONGTON BOTTLE OVENS STILL HERE

Normacot, Longton The Last Bottle Oven in The Potteries to be fired. 1978 Organised by Gladstone Pottery Museum at Hudson and Middleton factory, Normacot, Longton
Normacot, Longton - The Last Bottle Oven in The Potteries to be fired
Organised by Gladstone Pottery Museum at Hudson and Middleton factory, Normacot, Longton
Photo: Brian Colclough  Date: 1978

Longton
Gladstone Pottery - cobbled yard
Photo: Terry Woolliscroft Collection  Date: 2008

Longton
Roslyn Works Uttoxeter Road, next door to Gladstone
Photo: Courtesy of  'Potteries Bottle Kilns' page on Facebook  Date: 2015


Longton
Enson Works - refurbished in 2012/13 Now a Conference Centre
photos: Courtesy Core Website 
CoRE is the not for profit, national centre of excellence for low energy retrofit. The Enson Works is the only place in Britain that you can view a bottle kiln from above.



Longton
Phoenix Works, 500 King Street. Now and Enterprise Centre
Photos: Courtesy www.phoenix-works.co.uk/
Phoenix Works, 500 King Street was built in 1881 by Thomas Forester to satisfy the demand for Majolica both at home and abroad. Go to www.thomasforester.com  Also try www.theglosthouse.co.uk 


Longton
Commerce Street
Photo: Courtesy of  'Potteries Bottle Kilns' page on Facebook  Date: 2015