The Potteries Bottle Oven : a huge and imposing, towering and daunting brick-built, bottle-shaped structure, up to 70 feet high, essential in the making of pottery
The report for 1878 of the Medical Officer of the Local Government Board:
“In the pottery district of North Staffordshire chimneys may at any time be seen vomiting forth black smoke filling the streets and roads to such an extent as sometimes to impede vision beyond a distance of a few yards."
In 2016 there are 46. Only one remains in working order - the oven at Hudson and Middleton's factory in Normacot Road, Longton, site of the Last Bottle Oven Firing in August 1978. None will ever be fired again. The Clean Air Act of 1956, and their delicate condition have put paid to that.
At the multi-award-winning Gladstone Pottery Museum, in Longton, Stoke-on-Trent, there are 5 bottle ovens. There are also two bottle ovens, next door, at the Roslyn Works. This is the most important and precious group of buildings in The Potteries. more here>
This site has been archived for preservation by the British Library